History dating back to
In 1912, they created a committee on social welfare which held its first national conference in 1913.
Despite its broad mandate, the committee decided to concentrate on health insurance, drafting a model bill in 1915.
They apparently worried that a government-based insurance system would weaken unions by usurping their role in providing social benefits.
The government took no actions to subsidize voluntary funds or make sick insurance compulsory; essentially the federal government left matters to the states and states left them to private and voluntary programs.
Other developed countries have had some form of social insurance (that later evolved into national insurance) for nearly as long as the has been trying to get it.
Some European countries started with compulsory sickness insurance, one of the first systems, for workers beginning in Germany in 1883; other countries including Austria, Hungary, Norway, Britain, Russia, and the Netherlands followed all the way through 1912.
In 1914, reformers sought to involve physicians in formulating this bill and the American Medical Association (AMA) actually supported the leadership denied it had ever favored the measure.
Meanwhile the president of the American Federation of Labor repeatedly denounced compulsory health insurance as an unnecessary paternalistic reform that would create a system of state supervision over people’s health.In a nutshell, the bill limited coverage to the working class and all others that earned less than 00 a year, including dependents.